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DOES USING CBD RESULT IN A POSITIVE DRUG TEST?

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The difference between many hemp products and recreational cannabis is that these can contain little to no THC, which is the psychoactive component of cannabis. A common concern among many who use CBD or hemp extracts is the possibility of testing positive for cannabis use.

Basically, what is done is that a urine or hair sample is taken from you. With this, labs can perform a number tests to see if you have consumed any illegal substances recently. If they find that you have, it can result in disciplinary action, or even you losing your job.

You may be asking, do drug tests target the whole plant, or just a specific component? Many constituents of hemp, such as limonene and beta-caryophellene, are found in other species of plants that do not carry social stigma from any intoxicating abilities.On the other hand, CBD is not only a non-priority of cannabis drug testing, but has a different molecular structure to THC.

So, the short answer: No, one will almost never test positive for CBD oils that contain almost no THC.
It is not expected that taking the recommended dose of a hemp extract containing less than 1% THC will give a positive result. Overall, evidence points to a conclusion that non-psychoactive hemp oils, extracts and foods are safe to consume even in circumstances where a drug test may be requested.

What About Heavy Consumers?

In fact, to get technical, it is actually the main metabolite of THC, THC-COOH, which urine tests normally screen for – through a process of immunoassay screening.
Fortunately, this metabolite has very little crossover with other cannabinoids, such as CBG and CBD, so they should not flag up. However, when CBD is taken in excess (around 1000-2000 mg of hemp oil a day), it can return a false positive during the initial screening.

If they simply do urine testing, then anyone taking large amounts of CBD could be in trouble.
When an initial test flags positive, a second, more accurate test called a GC/MS is administered to the urine sample to confirm if it is an actual positive for THC (false positives on the first, less stringent test aren’t completely uncommon). Because of this second, confirmatory test easily differentiates between THC and CBD, even the heaviest of CBD oil consumers can rest assured that they won’t lose their job because of this alternative treatment. As long as they don’t consume THC, that is.

What Does It Mean for CBD Users?

Well, if you use CBD, use a lot of it, and think you are going to be subjected to a drug test at work, the best thing you can do is ensure that you are buying lab tested, high-quality CBD products. These are more likely to contain much less THC and will have a lab proven reading on content for you to look at. If you use small quantities of CBD, then you don’t really need to worry.
One of the keys to ensuring that the CBD oil one is consuming lacks THC is to obtain it from a legal, regulated source.

HOW TO GET HIRED IN THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY?

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As the legitimized cannabis business expands across U.S and U.E more and more companies are hiring employees in order to expand and succeed. Those interested in establishing successful careers in this rapidly growing industry are faced with a number of challenges.

There are a few important qualities that candidates can utilize when looking for employment in the legitimized cannabis world.

Ask the right questions

Working with cannabis involves being part of a movement that looks to change the mindsets of many people around the world. If the company’s mission is simply “to make money,” turn around and run in the other direction. There are plenty of industries where “pure financial gain” is a perfectly acceptable mission, but cannabis is not one of them. Find a goal and vision that you truly believe in, and are proud to stand for

Professional Versatility

Almost every job you can think of outside the marijuana industry can also be found inside the industry. There is a growing need for accountants, marketers, graphic designers, web developers, software engineers, and many other professional jobs that most people don’t associate with the marijuana industry.

With a balanced mix of cannabis grow culture and a sound business intellect, candidates will be a perfect fit for the legitimized corporate culture of cannabis.

In the end, the only thing that matters is if the candidate “speaks the languages” of both the underground culture of traditional cannabis growing, and the “real business world.” With a balanced mix of cannabis grow culture and a sound business intellect, candidates will be a perfect fit for the legitimised corporate culture of cannabis.

If a candidate wants to make himself or herself an asset, they should be prepared to learn as much as they can. More over, the unpredictable and moving legal nature of the cannabis industry requires both business owners and employees to be highly adaptable in order to stay afloat.

Creativity

Finally, when attempting to find work within the cannabis industry, it takes a creative mind to adapt one’s skills set for the business. If you fancy the cannabis industry, you need to have the ability to translate underground experience on a resume. This notion is entwined with the idea of moving from a home-based, underground business, into the legitimate cannabis industry.

It is essential that candidates “think outside the box” when translating one’s previous skills into a brand new business model.

WHAT’S INSIDE OUR CBD E-LIQUIDS?

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Harmony is dedicated to creating the most innovative and high-quality hemp products for you.

We use science, nature and business as tools to improve the quality and accessibility of cannabinoids so that there are no challenges, but only life improvement.

What’s Inside Our CBD E Liquids?

Harmony stands out in the CBD E Liquid crowd thanks to our unwavering commitment to quality and expertise: Our CBD concentration and composition are certified monthly by independent laboratories. This level of quality and consistency is only made possible by the hemp grown with love and care by family run farms that we have partnered with all around Europe.

CBD

Cannabidiol or CBD is one of over 400 compounds found in cannabis that belong to a class of molecules called cannabinoids. It is used as oil and in many types of cosmetic and food products. CBD is a non-addictive, non-toxic and non-lethal compound, that is why CBD is becoming a fast-growing trend among vapers today.

CBD Harmony

THE SECRET PARTS OF CANNABIS YOU DIDN’T KNOW ABOUT

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Most people recognise the big fan leaf of the cannabis plant, but when you take a closer look, you’ll notice there are many complex formations that hold unique functions. We prepared this brief guide so you can familiarize yourself with the different cannabis parts.

Female vs. Male

Cannabis plants can either be male, female, or hermaphrodites. Gender matters a lot to the grower because only females will produce buds. They produce the large resin-secreting flowers with buds rich in cannabinoids. When the flower is grown, they are dried and trimmed.

The male plants are used for seed production and their DNA is essential in determining the subsequent offspring. Good quality males are used for breeding purposes and provide pollen to female plants. They are usually chosen based on their ability to resist mold, growth rate, and overall health. These traits are passed down but the flavor and potency profile is retained from the female plant.

Hermaphrodites produce both male and female flowers. Whilst this occurs naturally, it is an undesired trait for consumption. Hermaphrodites can produce a plant full of seeds which reduces the quantity and quality of the final product.

Nowadays it is easier to grow female plants thanks to auto-flowering and feminized seeds, as well as genetically identical clippings which produce clones of the original plant.

Cannabis parts

There are several cannabis parts which are not much different from any other flowering species. Cannabis grows on tall stalks ringed with huge fan leaves extending out from areas called nodes. It is from these flowers where many intricate formations occur. Let’s take a look at them.

Cola

It refers to the section where the female flowers bloom. The cola on the top of the plant is called the main cola. The number and size of colas are determined by a variety of growing techniques – topping, low-stress training and screen of green.

Calyx

Calyx is the bud itself. It consists of small sugar leaves, nodules, and pistils. Calyxes come in different sizes, colors and shapes depending on the strain. Typically, the calyx is covered by trichomes. This is a key part of the flower concerning cannabis consumption, since most of the cannabinoids are located here.cannabis parts

Pistil

The red/orange/purple hairs on the bud are known as pistils. Their primary function is to collect pollen from male plants. While the plant grows, they change color from white to yellow, orange, red, purple or brown. The color depends on the strain you grow and the stage of maturity of the plant. They’re important for reproduction, but there is little to no effect on potency and taste.

KNOW YOUR CBD: METHODS OF INGESTION

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If you are like most consumers with an interest in cannabis, you have seen ‘CBD products’ popping up everywhere in recent years.

CBD, a non-psychoactive chemical in cannabis, seems to generate new studies every day claiming a new usage. It can be difficult for consumers to make sense of the products they find advertised online and at their local dispensary, and even more difficult to decide which is right for them.

With CBD suddenly being touted in food products and cosmetics, in the form of different oils, crystals, e-liquids and teas, it’s no surprise many are confused by it all. To help make sense of so many options, we’ve created a guide to some of the most common CBD products available.

CBD-rich oil

How it’s made:

CBD-rich oil is a specific oil that contains CBD and doesn’t contain THC. CBD-rich oil is obtained via extraction made from cannabis flowers, most of the times from hemp strains rich in CBD. Then this extract can be mixed with hemp seed oil, olive oil or other types of oil to facilitate ingestion. These CBD-rich oil products are non-psychoactive.

NOTE: It is important to know the difference between CBD oil and Hemp seed oil.
Hemp seed oil is a hemp extract taken from the seeds of the plant. Industrial hemp is the only plant used for this type of hemp oil. The seeds of the hemp plant can be cold pressed, peeled or unpeeled (preferably cold), to create a delicious oil. There are no cannabinoids such as THC or CBD present in the oil since hemp seeds are not psychoactive. Hemp oil is legal in most countries and can be found in food markets, together with more common types of oil, like olive oil.

CBD methods of ingestion

How you use it:

CBD-rich oil can be consumed in many ways. Users looking for the strongest effect from the oil can take it directly by placing a drop on or under the tongue so the oil is absorbed through the mouth and digestive tract. Others who want to enjoy the experience of consumption may choose to add a drop of oil to cooking or baked goods or dissolve a drop in their smoothie or tea.

Hemp seed oil can be found in food markets, together with more common types of oil, like olive oil. Hemp seed oil is known for its great taste and for its high values of unsaturated fats, such as Omega 3 and Omega 6. It can be used in many different applications such as Lotions or soaps, a base for plastics, instead of petroleum and eco-friendly paints.

CBD Crystals

How they’re made:

After hemp oil is removed from the plant, it can be further refined to isolate only CBD. To isolate pure CBD crystals, extracted hemp oil is put through a ‘winterisation’ process- or slowly heated to remove fats and lipids. Then, a machine called a rotary evaporator is used to remove any remaining plant traces. The final product is decarboxylated through another meticulous heating process to activate the cannabinoids, making chemicals bioavailable for consumers.

URGENT NEED FOR CBD REGULATIONS IN EUROPE

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Cannabidiol, or CBD— in case you haven’t already heard the chorus singing its praises, is the second most commonly found cannabinoid in cannabis and hemp plants. It is responsible for a host of physiological responses that could have some amazing applications, but unlike cannabis’s primary active compound THC, CBD does not cause any psychoactive effects.

Cannabidiol is already of great interest to many consumers and entrepreneurs as new studies continue to show its potential benefits. This has created an exploding CBD industry in Europe and around the world and has opened the doors for companies like Harmony to create and distribute a wide variety of CBD products.

But there’s a problem

Unlike THC and any plant containing it, CBD is not specifically mentioned under the individual Narcotics Acts of any European country and is not considered a controlled substance under European law. This is great because it means companies can produce and distribute CBD products derived from non-psychoactive hemp (which must contain less than 0.2% THC) and provide consumers access to an extremely useful cannabinoid.

However, on the flipside, it means that CBD products are not currently subject to any standard regulations. This leaves consumers with no legal protection or guarantees about the product they are purchasing. While many high-quality CBD producers are meticulous in their production methods (like Harmony!), the current, ambiguous patchwork-regulations allow for huge variations in the quality, strength and even safety of CBD products available on the market. Products are not subject to testing and CBD producers are currently given little guidance on dosage, labeling, and the necessary information they should provide to their consumers. Given the exponential growth rate of the CBD industry in the last few years, members of the industry have begun to recognise the lack of standardisation as a problem and have decided to speak out about the need for regulation.

The EIHA position

The European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA) is a professional alliance that represents the interests of hemp farmers and producers both within individual countries and on a European level. Their members come from 31 nations and span several hemp-related industries.

At the end of 2016, the organisation released an official position paper on the need for CBD regulations in Europe. At the time of the statement’s release, major pharmaceutical companies both in Germany and the UK were pushing for CBD to become a prescription drug which they, of course, would own the rights to in the respective countries they were petitioning. The EIHA statement speaks strongly in opposition to their efforts, which it claims would greatly restrict access for consumers and destroy a budding industry for the profit of a few.

The paper argues for the development of “harmonised legislation in the field [of CBD] to make sure that consumers are protected, to sustain the industry’s current double-digit growth rate, to attract new investors and to boost product development.” It uses cited reports illustrating the cannabinoid’s safety as evidence against the need for harsh restrictive measures, and goes on to propose a regulatory system based on the quantity of CBD a product contains.

Harmony Super Lemon Haze: The Unique CBD E-liquid With Terpenes

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A few weeks ago we launched the first ever e-liquid containing terpenes from the original cannabis strain – OG Kush. Today we are happy to announce a new flavour, Super Lemon Haze! We created this unique aroma in the same way as our OG Kush; from the original cannabis terpene profile. The unique flavour of Super Lemon Haze is based around the terpene, limonene.

There are several terpenes produced in the trichomes of the cannabis plant. Now, let’s take a look at limonene in more detail.

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Where can you find limonene?

Limonene is present in citrus rind, and gets its name from, you guessed it, lemon! You will find around 1 – 2 % of limonene in cannabis but it depends on the strain, growing and curing process. Generally sativas are richer in limonene compared to indicas. Super Lemon Haze is not the only cannabis variety where limonene appears, OG Kush, Lemon Skunk and Jack Herrer also have a considerable amount of the terpene present as well.

You can find limonene in other plants and herbs like rosemary, juniper, and peppermint. This natural aroma has been used by manufacturers today to create air fresheners, perfumes, and soaps.

There you have it, you now have an e-liquid with a naturally occurring flavour for your enjoyment! You can buy the new Super Lemon Haze CBD e-liquid here.

MYRCENE: DISCOVER WHAT MAKES YOU LOVE THE MANGO KUSH

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he new Mango Kush flavour finishes the trio for the delicious Harmony CBD e-liquids containing terpenes from the original cannabis strains. We brought you OG KushSuper Lemon Haze, and now it’s time to try Mango Kush! It tastes primarily like mango, but you can taste and smell tropical hints of banana and pineapple. This unique sweet and musky flavour is based on the myrcene terpene, which is also present in mangoes.

Myrcene is the most abundant terpene in cannabis. In some strains such as Mango Kush, there is more than 50 % myrcene present. That’s not all, myrcene is a building block for other terpenes and the amount present will influence if the strain becomes an indica (>0.5% myrcene) or a sativa (<0.5%). The most abundant strains containing myrcene besides Mango Kush, are Jack Herer, Warlock CBD, and Pink Kush.

mango kushMyrcene helps other cannabinoids and terpenes pass through the cell membranes, allowing them to reach receptors all over the body. Terpenes interact with cannabinoids creating a different effect than if one cannabinoid or terpene acting alone. This is known as the “entourage effect”.

Cannabis is not the only plant or herb where you can find myrcene, it’s present in basil, lemon grass, and menthol too. Chances are, if you love beer, you would have tried myrcene as it is the key contributor to the “green hop aroma”, which is commonly found in dry-hopped beers.  So guys, there you have it, try this tropical CBD treat to complete the ultimate cannabis-flavoured CBD e-liquid range!

VAPORISATION: THE TEN COMMANDMENTS

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Cannabidiol (CBD), one of the three main chemicals found in the trichomes of the cannabis plant, has gained a lot of attention in recent years as more studies show a variety of potential applications for it. You can find CBD in almost every type of cannabis plant including:

  • cannabis plants containing THC, the psychoactive chemical that makes you feel ‘high’
  • varieties of the cannabis plant specifically bred to be high-CBD/ low-THC
  • industrial hemp plants that contain no THC and have no psychoactive effect

There are a number of ways of extracting CBD from any of these varieties of cannabis. If the plant you start with contains only CBD (like industrial hemp or a high-CBD cannabis strain); there are multiple extraction methods which are very simple and require little equipment.

The most common methods use some type of solvent. This can be a liquid solvent, CO2, or an oil solvent. If the plant material you start with contains THC as well as CBD (such as smokable cannabis), the process to separate CBD from other cannabinoids is more complex and generally requires professional equipment. To avoid getting too technical, let’s look mainly at extraction methods for CBD-only plants.

Liquid Solvents

In this method, plant material like flowers and trim are put into a container. Liquid solvent (usually butane, isopropyl alcohol, hexane, or ethanol) is run through the plant matter to strip it of cannabinoids and flavours and transfer them into the liquid. Then, the liquid is evaporated away from this mixture to leave only concentrated chemicals and flavours in the form of an oil.

CBD extraction
benefits of this method are many— it is the most simple, equipment-free, and inexpensive way to extract CBD, but not without some downsides. One concern is that solvents can leave traces of impurities in the finished CBD oil (meticulous processing methods and the right solvent can minimise this). Also, some liquid solvents remove chlorophyll from the plant along with cannabinoids and flavours, giving the finished oil a greener colour and more bitter taste.

Also, some liquid solvents remove chlorophyll from the plant along with cannabinoids and flavours, giving the finished oil a greener colour and more bitter taste.
However, because these negative effects can usually be countered by adjusting specifics in the process, this remains the most common method for CBD extraction.

C02 Extraction

Carbon Dioxide (C02) is a unique molecule that can function as any state of matter— solid, liquid, or gas— depending on the pressure and temperature it is kept under. Because variables like pressure and temperature have to be kept very specific in a C02 extraction, this extraction method is usually done with a piece of equipment called a ‘closed-loop extractor’.
This machine has three chambers: the first chamber holds solid, pressurised C02 (commonly known as ‘dry ice’), the second chamber contains dry plant material and the third chamber separates the finished product.

When performing the extraction, the solid C02 from the first chamber is pumped into the second with the plant material. This second chamber is kept at a specific pressure and temperature which causes the C02 to behave more like a liquid (although it’s actually somewhere between a liquid and gas in this state, referred to as supercritical C02) so that it runs through the plant material and extracts chemicals and flavours, much like in the liquid solvent process. Then, the C02-cannabinoid mixture is pumped into a third chamber where it is kept at an even lower pressure and higher temperature so that the C02 gas rises to the top of the chamber while the oils containing chemicals and flavours from the plant material fall to the bottom to be collected for consumption.
CBD Extraction C02

There are many benefits of this method. It doesn’t require a long evaporation process like a liquid solvent extraction and there is minimal risk of contaminants in the finished product.
Because this method carefully controls temperature and pressure, it can also be used to separate CBD from cannabis also containing THC.

CBD extracts from the plant at a lower temperature and pressure than THC, so careful adjustment of the pressure and temperature in the second chamber can isolate the specific cannabinoid you want to extract. Closed-loop extractor systems are very pricey, however, which is why this type of extraction is generally only used by professional CBD producers.

Oil Extraction

Using oils, especially olive oil, to extract cannabinoids from hemp and cannabis is a practice that dates back to biblical times or even earlier.

Many home-producers who make their own CBD products still employ this simple extraction method. First, raw plant material must be decarboxylated, or heated to a specific temperature for a certain length of time to activate the chemicals in the plant. Plant material is then added to olive oil and heated to 100°C for 1-2 hours to extract the cannabinoids. With this method, the olive oil cannot be evaporated away after the process, so users must consume much higher quantities of this type of extracted oil than the highly-concentrated oil produced by other methods. Infused olive oil is also highly perishable, and so must be stored in cold, dark place.

This makes it unviable for commercial CBD producers, but a simple, safe, and inexpensive option for individual enthusiasts.

CBD oilWhile these are currently the most common methods in which CBD is extracted from cannabis or hemp; technology in this exciting new field is constantly updating, so new methods will surely be seen in the coming years as the industry expands.

Each extraction method is best suited to specific circumstances: whether you are a company or an individual, for what type of product you are extracting CBD, desired flavour, strength and consistency all play a part in which method should be chosen. Companies producing CBD often put extracted CBD through subsequent processes to make a variety of other products, such as Harmony’s CBD e-liquidsCBD crystals, cosmetics and much more.

Interested in CBD and related topics?

Keep an eye out for new educational articles from our online magazine, OR join us for our next MeetUp event in Barcelona where we have professionals from the cannabis, hemp and CBD industries give educational presentations every month!

CBD extraction from hemp

HOW IS CBD EXTRACTED FROM HEMP?

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Cannabidiol (CBD), one of the three main chemicals found in the trichomes of the cannabis plant, has gained a lot of attention in recent years as more studies show a variety of potential applications for it. You can find CBD in almost every type of cannabis plant including:

  • cannabis plants containing THC, the psychoactive chemical that makes you feel ‘high’
  • varieties of the cannabis plant specifically bred to be high-CBD/ low-THC
  • industrial hemp plants that contain no THC and have no psychoactive effect

There are a number of ways of extracting CBD from any of these varieties of cannabis. If the plant you start with contains only CBD (like industrial hemp or a high-CBD cannabis strain); there are multiple extraction methods which are very simple and require little equipment.

The most common methods use some type of solvent. This can be a liquid solvent, CO2, or an oil solvent. If the plant material you start with contains THC as well as CBD (such as smokable cannabis), the process to separate CBD from other cannabinoids is more complex and generally requires professional equipment. To avoid getting too technical, let’s look mainly at extraction methods for CBD-only plants.

Liquid Solvents

In this method, plant material like flowers and trim are put into a container. Liquid solvent (usually butane, isopropyl alcohol, hexane, or ethanol) is run through the plant matter to strip it of cannabinoids and flavours and transfer them into the liquid. Then, the liquid is evaporated away from this mixture to leave only concentrated chemicals and flavours in the form of an oil.

CBD extraction
benefits of this method are many— it is the most simple, equipment-free, and inexpensive way to extract CBD, but not without some downsides. One concern is that solvents can leave traces of impurities in the finished CBD oil (meticulous processing methods and the right solvent can minimise this). Also, some liquid solvents remove chlorophyll from the plant along with cannabinoids and flavours, giving the finished oil a greener colour and more bitter taste.

Also, some liquid solvents remove chlorophyll from the plant along with cannabinoids and flavours, giving the finished oil a greener colour and more bitter taste.
However, because these negative effects can usually be countered by adjusting specifics in the process, this remains the most common method for CBD extraction.

C02 Extraction

Carbon Dioxide (C02) is a unique molecule that can function as any state of matter— solid, liquid, or gas— depending on the pressure and temperature it is kept under. Because variables like pressure and temperature have to be kept very specific in a C02 extraction, this extraction method is usually done with a piece of equipment called a ‘closed-loop extractor’.
This machine has three chambers: the first chamber holds solid, pressurised C02 (commonly known as ‘dry ice’), the second chamber contains dry plant material and the third chamber separates the finished product.

When performing the extraction, the solid C02 from the first chamber is pumped into the second with the plant material. This second chamber is kept at a specific pressure and temperature which causes the C02 to behave more like a liquid (although it’s actually somewhere between a liquid and gas in this state, referred to as supercritical C02) so that it runs through the plant material and extracts chemicals and flavours, much like in the liquid solvent process. Then, the C02-cannabinoid mixture is pumped into a third chamber where it is kept at an even lower pressure and higher temperature so that the C02 gas rises to the top of the chamber while the oils containing chemicals and flavours from the plant material fall to the bottom to be collected for consumption.
CBD Extraction C02

There are many benefits of this method. It doesn’t require a long evaporation process like a liquid solvent extraction and there is minimal risk of contaminants in the finished product.
Because this method carefully controls temperature and pressure, it can also be used to separate CBD from cannabis also containing THC.

CBD extracts from the plant at a lower temperature and pressure than THC, so careful adjustment of the pressure and temperature in the second chamber can isolate the specific cannabinoid you want to extract. Closed-loop extractor systems are very pricey, however, which is why this type of extraction is generally only used by professional CBD producers.

Oil Extraction

Using oils, especially olive oil, to extract cannabinoids from hemp and cannabis is a practice that dates back to biblical times or even earlier.

Many home-producers who make their own CBD products still employ this simple extraction method. First, raw plant material must be decarboxylated, or heated to a specific temperature for a certain length of time to activate the chemicals in the plant. Plant material is then added to olive oil and heated to 100°C for 1-2 hours to extract the cannabinoids. With this method, the olive oil cannot be evaporated away after the process, so users must consume much higher quantities of this type of extracted oil than the highly-concentrated oil produced by other methods. Infused olive oil is also highly perishable, and so must be stored in cold, dark place.

This makes it unviable for commercial CBD producers, but a simple, safe, and inexpensive option for individual enthusiasts.

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